Individual and Environmental Dimensions in Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students




Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial intention, Potential entrepreneurs, Business creation


Purpose: This article proposes to measure the influence of individual and environmental factors on the entrepreneurial intention of university students in the creation of companies.

Methodology/approach: It is a quantitative study. The factorial analysis, using the Varimax rotation method, was used to know the factorial load of 43 variables, including the characterization of the respondents, with a sample of 540 cases, collected through a questionnaire with students of the last year of the course administration in the five most populous capitals of Brazil. Then, logistic regression analysis was used, making it possible to know the significant correlation of independent variables with the dependent variable.

Originality/Relevance: They show a greater influence of the individual factors represented by the entrepreneurial motivation and entrepreneurial self-efficacy in the intention to create companies and presents discussions regarding the individual and environmental factors that determine or guide the entrepreneurial intention of university students.

Key findings: It is possible to consider that although the chosen sample resembles the profile of new entrepreneurs, it cannot be guaranteed that it is the best representation of this category.

Theoretical/methodological contributions: The study opens new discussions regarding the individual and environmental factors that determine or guide the entrepreneurial intention of university students, enabling the organizations that promote the teaching of entrepreneurship to create new teaching methodologies, directed to the formation of potential entrepreneurs.


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Biografia do Autor

Antonia Márcia Rodrigues Sousa, Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC), Ceará


Professoara Adjunta da Universidade Federal do Ceará - UFC - Campus Sobral, Cursos de Ciências Econômicas e Finanças. Doutorado em Administração de Empresas pela Universidade de Fortaleza - UNIFOR; Mestrado em Administração pela Universidade Federal do Ceará-UFC.

Raimundo Eduardo Silveira Fontenele, Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC), Ceará

Doutorado em Ciências Econômicas - Université Sorbonne Paris-Nord (1998). Mestrado em Economia Rural pela Universidade Federal do Ceará (1989) e Atualmente é Professor Titular do Curso de Ciências Econômicas da Universidade Federal do Ceará - UFC e do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração e Controladoria - PPAC da UFC.

Ruan Carlos dos Santos, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC-ESAG), Santa Catarina

Doutorando em Administração pela PPGA - Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC-ESAG), Santa Catarina. Mestrado em Administração - UNIVALI (2015-2017).  Participante do Grupo de Pesquisa - GEEP - Grupo de Estudos sobre Estratégia e Performance - liderado pela Profª. Dra. Rosilene Marcon. Professor no Ensino Médio na SED-SC nas disciplinas de Filosofia. Professor e Tutor na UniAvan no Curso de Tecnologia em Gestão Financeira. Consultor/docente credenciado na ENA (Ecole Nationale D'Administration - Brasil).


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Como Citar

Sousa, A. M. R., Fontenele, R. E. S., & Santos, R. C. dos. (2023). Individual and Environmental Dimensions in Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students. Revista Inteligência Competitiva, 13, e0434.




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